Our solar system the weather here is strange and wonderful, with thunderstorms more terrifying in scale than anything in landrecorded history. From centuries of hurricanes Jupiter to the huge winds on Neptune, if you leave Earth you will be shocked at what you find.
On Mars, you will find huge dust storms that will sweep the entire planet, while Venus has an incredibly dense and fast-moving atmosphere that can form permanent vortices at its poles. Jupiter and Saturn have several huge storms – larger than the diameter of several Earths – that have been raging for decades or even centuries. On the ice giant Neptune, you will find the fastest winds in the solar system, and in Neptune and Uranus it may rain diamonds…
Thanks to recent space flights, we have learned more about these amazing weather systems than ever before. Scientists are also conducting long-term studies of weather systems, such as storms erupting from the Sun, that can have a direct impact on the Earth. As we continue to walk into the unknown, who knows what else can be discovered in the solar system?
Jupiter’s Great Red Spot: an Earth-sized hurricane
This legendary storm has been raging on Jupiter for centuries, but perhaps not forever. A giant rotating storm can be compared to a hurricane on Earth, although it is much larger. It measures about 10,000 miles (16,000 km across), about 1.3 times the width of our planet. Scientists believe that its roots go back to 100 times deeper to Jupiter than to the oceans of the Earth. However, recent evidence suggests that the storm may shrinkalthough maybe absorb other storms to get a boost.
This is not the only extreme weather on Jupiter: its north and south poles have strange cyclone arrays arranged in a circle, while intense radiation from the planet washes some of its moons, such as Io and Europe…
NASA Spaceship Juno, which entered orbit around Jupiter in 2016, is collecting incredible data on this gas giant using a variety of instruments. These include a microwave radiometer for measuring the depths of Jupiter’s atmosphere, ultraviolet and infrared cameras for imaging the planet’s atmosphere and its auroras, and JunoCam, which has also been taking visible light images.
Lightning of Saturn: 10,000 times more powerful than Earth
Surprisingly, we not only saw lightning on Saturn, but also heard it. NASA Cassini the spacecraft that orbited Saturn from 2004 to 2017 was able to detect lightning strikes on the planet during the daytime, which means they must have been incredibly intense – according to NASA, some discharges are thought to be 10,000 times more powerful than on Earth …
By observing the planet’s radio emission, Cassini was also able to “hear” storms discharging in the atmosphere. Saturn experiences powerful storms from time to time that stretch over 190,000 miles (300,000 km), encircling nearly the entire planet, while the gas giant’s north pole is host to strange, persistent hexagon clouds that extends deep into the planet.
Solar storms: bursts of rage knocking out power grids
The sun can wreak havoc on our planet. His solar storms They consist of bursts of radiation and charged particles that can seriously damage satellites that closely monitor solar activity and prepare for the worst, but sometimes when a severe storm is approaching, satellites and power grids must be turned off so they can survive.
Despite our best efforts, from time to time, strong solar flares can take us by surprise… In 1859, a powerful solar flare, named after astronomer Richard Carrington, caused massive disruptions to global telegraph communications. The Carrington Event of 1859 also triggered incredible auroral phenomena that were visible even as far south as the Caribbean.
In 1989, a solar flare destroyed the transmission line from the Hydro Québec power plant, causing a power outage, leaving six million people without electricity for nine hours.
Solar activity has even been suggested as a possible reason for the sinking. Titanic… As new research suggests that a solar storm behind the spectacular aurora borealis show during the sinking could disrupt the ship’s navigation and communications systems and seriously interfere with rescue operations.
Venus Vortex: a storm that moves faster than its planet
At the south pole Venus it is a large vortex the size of Europa whirling through the atmosphere. This vortex seems to have existed for a long time and is the result of some strange properties on the planet. The atmosphere on Venus moves faster than the planet, reaching speeds of up to 250 miles (400 kilometers) per hour – 60 times faster than the planet orbits, according to data European Space Agency…
Venus is also the hottest planet in the solar system, but, remarkably, not the closest to the sun. Its hellishly dense atmosphere covers the planet and traps heat. Greenhouse effect… As a result, Venusian temperatures can reach 870 degrees Fahrenheit (465 degrees Celsius).
Even rain on Venus does not get rid of the terrible climate. Corrosive sulfuric acid falls from the clouds and evaporates before even reaching the ground due to extreme surface temperatures.
Mega Wind of Neptune: Faster than the speed of sound
Neptune, the planet farthest from the Sun, has the fastest winds in the solar system. At the planet’s highest altitudes, where methane gives Neptune its blue color, winds can reach speeds of over 1,300 miles (2,100 kilometers) per hour or 1.6 times the speed of sound. These high winds also cause several violent storms, such as the famous Great Dark Spot, which Voyager 2 probe in 1989.
Scientists are still interested in the cause of this fleeting storm, which was gone by the time NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope turned its gaze to Neptune, about five years after Voyager 2.
Since then, Hubble has closely followed the turbulent storms of Neptune, which rotate clockwise due to the planet’s rotation (as opposed to hurricanes on Earth, which are low pressure systems and rotate counterclockwise). Over the years, Hubble has noted the arrival and disappearance of many Neptune storms, one of which has recently puzzled scientists.
This particular vortex We watched him move south towards the equator of Neptune, following the path of various storms in front of him. Although, unlike its predecessors, this vortex made a sharp turn and began to drift northward, much to the surprise of the researchers.
Martian dust storms: tornadoes visible from space
In 2018 huge dust storm swallowed the surface of Mars, hiding most of its surface from our view. These storms known as “haboobs“When they happen on Earth, they’re pretty regular on Mars, happening every few years, but this one was especially large. They are caused by the sun warming up the planet’s atmosphere, kicking up dust from the earth – although scientists are not sure how they grow so large. according to NASA… They pose problems for surface-powered solar-powered ATVs that rely on sunlight.
Mars is also experiencing dusty devils – miniature tornadoes that form and move across the surface. This phenomenon is typical not only for the Red Planet, in fact, they are also observed on Earth.
Dust worms form when the earth heats up, causing the air near the surface to also heat up and rise. As the air rises upward, it can contact the cooler small air segments above, which in turn causes the air column to rotate.
We can see these dusty devils because of the dirt they pick up from the ground. They are so noticeable that you can even see them from space! In 2012, the Martian orbiter discovered colossal martian dust devil standing 2,600 feet (800 meters) high and 98 feet (30 meters) wide.
Titan’s Methane Rain: Feel Every Drop
The largest moon of Saturn, Titan, is one of the most mysterious bodies in the solar system. This Terrestrial there is liquid on the body surface, has a truly quirky climate, and has been of interest to scientists for many years.
On Titan, methane sometimes falls as rain, after which it evaporates from the surface and forms thick clouds. Methane rain on an icy moon will fall very slowly due to low gravity and thick haze, so you can feel every drop, physicist Rajani Dhingra of the University of Idaho. said New Scientist in 2019.
Titan’s hydrological cycle (where “hydro” refers to methane, not water as on Earth), forms scenery and supplies liquid methane and ethane to huge lakes such as Kraken mare more than 1000 feet (300 meters) deep.