A compilation of Statistics Canada data from April 2020 to last June allows the federal agency to draw portraits of the phenomenon of telework in Canada: in particular, families with the highest incomes were more likely to use it.
Statistics Canada also found that the tendency to work from home varied considerably across regions and provinces, that men and young workers were less likely to work from home, and the propensity to telecommute. differed according to the ethnic origin of the population groups.
From April 2020 to last June, in 45% of couples formed of two employees and part of the top 10% of the distribution of employment income, both spouses worked at home. This rate was 9 times higher than the 5% rate observed among those in the bottom 10% of the employment income distribution.
This largely reflects the fact that better-off couples tend to have jobs that lend themselves better to telecommuting, according to the federal agency.
Teleworking was observed in around 70% of people in finance and insurance or in professional, scientific and technical services, and in 65% of employees in the information and cultural industries. . The proportion was 56% in general government.
Statistics Canada also noted that in many industries, employees of businesses with 500 or more employees were more likely to work from home than those of businesses with fewer than 20 employees.
No more teleworking in large municipalities
During the reference week of the Labor Force Survey, 37% of employees in Ontario worked from home, compared to 30% in Quebec and 17% to 23% in the Atlantic provinces .
Large regions generally had higher telework rates than smaller communities. For example, in Outaouais, Montreal and Toronto, 41% to 44% of workers worked at home from April 2020 to last June.
On the other hand, men and young workers were less likely to work from home in general, in part because they were overrepresented in retail trade and accommodation and food services, two sectors where work at home is rarely possible. In addition, workers aged 15 to 24 were at least half as likely to work from home as those older.
Finally, Statistics Canada observed that 43% of men of Chinese origin worked at home during the period studied, in part because they were over-represented in the finance and insurance sectors as well as in professional, scientific services. and technical, where the vast majority of jobs can be done from home.
This proportion was measured among men at 37% among those from South Asia, 27% among blacks and 15% among those from the Philippines.
Similar differences were observed among women: 49% among those of Chinese origin, 36% among women from South Asia, 33% among blacks and 19% among those from the Philippines.