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Science

CALCULATOR. Do you know your body mass index?

The Minister of Health, Olivier Véran, indicated on Friday April 30, 2021 that the vaccination against Covid-19 would be extended “from Saturday” to all “fragile” French adults, including obese people but also those suffering from hypertension, diabetes, kidney or heart failure. President Emmanuel Macron announced Thursday, April 29 in the regional press the opening of vaccination to all obese people over 18 years old, citing the figure of 2.3 million French people concerned.

BMI, a simple measure but which gives an approximate indication

BMI is a simple measure of weight-for-height commonly used to estimate overweight and obesity in adults. This is the most useful measure in a population because, in adults, the scale is the same regardless of the sex or age of the subject. “However, it gives an approximate indication because it does not necessarily correspond to the same degree of adiposity from one individual to another” specifies the World Health Organization (WHO) on its site. The main benchmarks are as follows: the BMI of a weight considered “normal” is between 18.5 and 24.9. Beyond that, the person is considered overweight, or in a state of obesity if the BMI is above 30. Conversely, below 18.5, it is a situation of weight deficit.

BMI is the weight divided by the square of the height. Find out yours with our calculator below. You just need to enter your height (in centimeters) and your weight (in kilograms).

1.9 billion overweight adults

According to World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, in 2014 more than 1.9 billion adults were overweight, of which 600 million were obese. However, a high BMI is an important risk factor for chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease (mainly heart disease and stroke which were the leading cause of death in the world in 2012), diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders, in particular. especially osteoarthritis and certain cancers (endometrial, breast and colon).

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