It is “time for serious discussion” and “significant action” on the damage already done by climate change, in particular to developing countries, the UN Secretary-General said on Wednesday.
Less than two months before COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, António Guterres and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi – from afar – gathered behind closed doors various leaders from developed and developing countries for a “frank exchange” on climate issues. action.
“My messages were clear. Regarding the climate emergency: The +1.5°C target is on life support. 1.5°C compared to the pre-industrial era.
“We are moving towards +3°C.”
In this context, he urged governments to address “four acute challenges” in the period leading up to COP27: increased ambition in terms of emission reductions, assistance to the most vulnerable countries, adaptation to impacts and its funding to be increased, and finally, “losses and damages “.
This last point, which has become a critical element of the climate negotiations, addresses the damage already caused by an increase in extreme weather events that neither measures to contain global warming nor measures to adapt to its consequences have been able to prevent. And for which developing countries demand compensation.
“The time has come for serious discussion and constructive action on this issue,” António Guterres said.
“I hope COP27 in Egypt continues this,” he added, seeing it as a matter of “climate justice, international solidarity and confidence building.”
At COP26 in Glasgow at the end of 2021, despite pressure from developing countries for ad hoc funding for such loss and damage, rich countries blocked the request, and the meeting simply spawned a “dialogue” through 2024.
A few days ago, a group of least developed countries meeting in Dakar reiterated that demand, calling for a “financing mechanism” to reverse the damage caused by global warming.