Technology

Free Open Source Express: Lyon, Communities, SFC vs GitHub, 3D printed prosthetics

Image: “Keep Calm and Use Open Source” (MedithIT/CC by)

Lyon will go free

On July 7, the municipal councilors of the city of Lyon decided to phase out their Microsoft tools in order to switch to free software in the “digital agent environment”: Intranet, office file editing, email, unified communications (chat, instant messaging). , video)”, according to the Tribune de Lyon.

“The issue of digital sovereignty, especially for community agents”, for IT assistant Bertrand Maes. The cost of this migration is estimated at 3.4 million euros in investment and 6.5 million euros in operation by 2026.

Lyon Mag points out that “By 2027, agents will have more OnlyOffice-type solutions as well as free Zimbra-type messaging. At the end of Gregory Doucet’s mandate [le maire de Lyon] and his teams will move to 80% free office automation and 20% Microsoft office automation.”

Free software for local authorities

The Gazette des communes published a wonderful article with the unmistakable headline: “Free Software, Informed Choice…and Fun!”.

Noting that choosing free software is “often less convenient than a solution bought off-the-shelf from a publisher”, Emmanuel Chopot, DSI of the La Roche-sur-Yon agglomeration (13 municipalities, 97,000 inhabitants in the Vendée), explains that “ For each use case, the intercom is required to check for the availability of a free solution referenced by the Interministerial Free Software Database, a PDF updated by Dinum and available at commons.numeric.gouv.fr.

In this case, we also look at who is behind the project. Does this seem reliable? Is the project well documented? Do we have partners who master this software? We try to reassure ourselves, because free software has its limits. The publisher has a roadmap. We can discuss further developments with him. With free, you need to check that there is an active community, that it is not a free base with many paid plugins, like WordPress. And to make sure that the standard version does not need to be adapted to our needs. When these conditions are met, you should not hesitate to turn to free software.”

The article mentions the case of Lutèce and CitéLibre in the city of Paris, as well as links between Dinum and Adulact. “The problem is that Dinum is an IT development service and that it is not designed to revitalize a community that brings together thousands of communities, each with its own needs. So she contacted Adulac to revitalize the community and raise the need. “They told us, I only want to see one head,” recalls Pascal Kuczynski, Adulact’s general delegate. The classic publisher, it’s called user groups. The difference is that Adullact has nothing to sell other than membership.”

Another mention in this article, the case of La Rochelle:

“The use of open source is an additional cost, but it is also a requirement for quality,” says David Berthio, as part of the digital transformation direction of La Rochelle aglo (28 municipalities, 171,800 inhabitants). In its flagship project Carbon Zero La Rochelle, the agglomeration felt the need for a data platform to link to the metrics needed to implement a global carbon balance at the area scale. The development of this tool is carried out by providers who are obliged to distribute their products for free. “We forced the Apache 2.0 license into our public marketplace as a compelling reason,” explains David Berthio.

Last but not least, The Gazette interviewed Philippe Barel, digital project manager and “open source officer” at Paris City Hall.

SFC vs GitHub

The Software Freedom Conservancy (SFC) is leaving GitHub to mark its opposition to project leaders who use open source to build proprietary solutions, according to Developpez.com. “Copilot, GitHub’s commercial AI, is at the center of this decision, with the Software Freedom Conservancy explaining why.”

The explanatory memorandum of the SFC that posted the GiveUpGitHub.org site online begins as follows:

“Those who forget history often inadvertently repeat it. Some of us remember that twenty-one years ago, the most popular site for hosting code, a completely free and open source (FOSS) site called SourceForge, made all of its code proprietary and never released it to the community again. The main free open source projects gradually left SourceForge because it was now a proprietary system, contrary to the spirit of openness that characterizes the community. The free software communities realized that it was a mistake to allow a commercial non-free software company to become the dominant site for free collaborative development.

SourceForge slowly collapsed after the collapse of DotCom, and today SourceForge is more of a link bait than a code host. We learned a valuable lesson that was all too easy to forget, especially when companies manipulate the free software communities for their own ends. Now we have to relearn the lesson of SourceForge with Microsoft’s GitHub.”

Open source prosthesis: “My life was meant to make my hand”

Le Trois, an online publication dedicated to northern Franche-Comté, publishes an interesting article about Nicolas Huche, co-founder of My Human Kit. This former mechanic in the industry became a drummer, and the artist who played in Eurockéennes “struggled to create something that didn’t exist yet. The prosthesis is adapted for playing this instrument.” At first, he struggled with prosthetics, which always broke and did not always pay off. And in 2012, at the digital fair in Rennes, 3D printers became a real discovery.

“Fab Lab, creation, production prototype, rebound, shock absorber from industrial parts. The artist discovers this special jargon that allows him to develop his art. “In 2012, there was only one open source hand prototype on the Internet (free data).” Then he discovers colleagues in Japan, in England. Develops more and more advanced prostheses. He created his association “My Human Set” in 2014, accompanied by those who helped him in Fab Lab. They now have seven employees in Rennes and travel the world to discuss this work. (…)

“When I managed to create my prosthesis, something happened. I realized that I can influence myself.” And his ability to help others. He states that he never wanted to file a patent. Its main project is based on sharing. For him, there was no question of privatizing this creation: it should benefit all musicians who would like to use it. (…) “It was then that I discovered that my life was destined to make my hand.”

Read also

Local Authorities and Free Software: Adulact turns 20 – June 19, 2022

Free Software, Catalyst for Responsible Projects – April 20, 2022

GitHub Hires Its Open Source VP of Security at NSA – July 25, 2021

Libre Express: Disability Protection Technology, Prosthetic Arm, Space Observatory, Beware of Licenses – October 30, 2020

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