Technology

From health to the environment, artificial intelligence is an essential tool

Is AI the enemy of the many workers who risk losing their jobs? (Photo: 123RF)

A “disruptive” technology with immense potential, artificial intelligence (AI) brings as many promises as there are concerns. Gathered this week in Lisbon for the Web Summit, several tech players advocated for the benefits of a tool that will become essential in the fields of health, environment or work.

Health: preventing heart attacks

When Iker Casillas, a Spanish football legend, learned of Idoven’s existence, a few weeks after being the victim in May 2019 of a heart attack in training that brutally stopped his career, he did not hesitate to invest in the medical startup. and become its main ambassador.

“He was aware that technology should help fight this disease, while there is a person who dies every two seconds in the world of cardiac arrest,” explains Manuel Marina-Breysse, head and founder of Idoven, an intelligence specialist. artificial applied to cardiology.

“The only way to change this is to develop new technologies, such as artificial intelligence software capable of helping the cardiologist make a diagnosis,” he adds.

With its cloud-based platform, Idoven allows cardiologists to analyze with greater precision the vast amount of data from electrocardiograms and above all to predict a priori the risks of cardiac arrhythmias.

“We were the first team in the world to be able to do this,” says Mr. Marina-Breysse, who aims to deliver his solution in a global healthcare market estimated at more than 10 billion euros per year.

Founded in 2018, the Madrid-based startup has already seen its revenue multiply by five in less than four years.

Environment: fight against waste

According to a study by the University of Massachusetts, the development of a single artificial intelligence system can emit five times the greenhouse gas emissions of a car during its entire useful life.

But promising startups like the British company Greyparrot, founded in 2019, intend to use artificial intelligence to strengthen environmental protection and fight waste of resources.

Thanks to software that identifies the different types of waste using artificial vision, Greyparrot seeks to optimize the automatic management of selective sorting and detect materials that pass under the radars of current machines.

Its “machine learning” technology enables the detection of glass, paper, cardboard, newspapers, cans and different types of plastics using the collected data.

“Based on millions of data points, we can currently recognize more than 49 categories of waste,” added Ambarish Mitra, co-founder of Greyparrot, during a conference call at the Web Summit.

Work: the era of “well-being”

Is AI the enemy of the many workers who risk losing their jobs as this technology advances?

No, more of a “well-being” factor for teams within companies, according to a study conducted by the Boston Consulting Group and the MIT Sloan Management Review among 2,197 executives from 106 countries, and revealed during the Web Summit.

Among the companies that use AI in an “effective” way, 78% saw the morale of their teams improve, while 51% noticed an improvement in the four aspects studied: enthusiasm, collaboration, clarity of the roles of each one and collective learning.

“AI takes away low value-added tasks” while strengthening the strengths of human activity “such as managing ambiguity or empathy,” François Candelon, senior partner at Boston Consulting Group and co-author of the study, told AFP.

“Historically, it took an analyst between 40 and 90 minutes to write a document, read it, determine if it contained certain types of information that could be of interest to customers, assess where that information was located, and enter it into the system. “Describes Douglas Hamilton, Nasdaq’s associate vice president in charge of artificial intelligence, quoted in the study.

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