Science

Infections can be detected through headphones

Thanks to artificial intelligence, American researchers have turned the headset into a medical diagnostic tool. By analyzing the resonance of an audio signal, they can detect earplugs, ruptured eardrums, and ear infections.

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L’appearance deep learning, or deep learning, over the past ten years has made great strides in matter artificial intelligence (AI). Thanks to neural networks, it is possible to train algorithms for many tasks, such as face recognition, machine translation, deepfakes and even for the diagnosis of certain diseases. Indeed, researchers State University of New York at Buffalo have developed an AI that can check the health of the ears.

The system was named Ear health (ear health) and works thanks to in-ear headphones connected to a smartphone equipped with a platform deep learning. The headphones emit a chirp or chirp with linear frequency modulation. The AI ​​uses a built-in microphone to measure how this sound signal resonates in the ear canals and thus creates a profile of the unique geometry of the ear canal.inner ear owner.

Simple headphones to detect three diseases

The system will then chirp on a regular basis, such as once a day, to ensure that this profile has not changed. It is able to detect three conditions that change the geometry of the ear canals: sulfur capgap Mr. eardrum and otitis.

The researchers tested their system on 92 volunteers, including 27 without hearing problems, 22 with tympanic membrane rupture25 people suffering from otitis and finally 18 people with cork earwax. The AI ​​was able to correctly identify states 82.6% of the time. The next step is to study how other factors such as body hair or previous inflammation the eardrum may interfere with these results.

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