Science

Mysterious clay figurine depicted the goddess of water – Sciences et Avenir

More than a year after its discovery, the Bavarian Office for the Preservation of Historical Monuments in July 2022 announces the discovery of a very strange figurine. Indeed, German archaeologists do not know of any similar monument either in this region or for the period of the Iron Age in which it would be made, between 800 and 600 BC.

Faced with so many questions, experts can only speculate. According to their first findings, it could have been a cult figure, probably associated with water, and it could have been placed as an offering to prevent a period of drought.

lHallstatt culture

In March 2021, preventive excavations carried out before the construction of the ring road, bypassing the village of Mönchstockheim in the Schweinfurt district in Lower Franconia (Germany), revealed objects of particular note: many sherds, bones, pottery tools, a very unusual clay stamp and, above all, a rare figurine. The pottery fragments date from the second period of the Hallstatt culture, or the first Iron Age, which extends from the 8th to the 5th century BC. (from -800 to -450).

The Hallstatt culture, corresponding to the end of the Bronze Age and the beginning of the Iron Age, replaced the so-called urn-field culture in Western and Central Europe. It takes its name from a lakeside village located in the Austrian Salzkammergut region, southeast of Salzburg, where more than 1,300 graves with numerous artifacts have been found. Thanks to these richly decorated tombs, we know that there was then a local elite. Excavated objects also indicate that trade relations since that time have spread to Tuscany, Greece and even the Black Sea.

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