Science

November 2022 Full Moon: Full Beaver Blood Moon receives a total lunar eclipse

The November Full Moon “Beaver Moon” will occur on November 8, and there will be a total lunar eclipse. The full phase will be visible on almost the entire night side of the Earth, from the eastern half of Russia and Kazakhstan, China and eastern India to North America and the western half of South America.

According to the US Naval Observatory, the moon officially becomes full at 6:02 AM EST (10:02 GMT). (will open in a new tab). For New York observers, the Moon will set about half an hour late at 6:42 am, according to timeanddate.com. (will open in a new tab) and rise that evening at 4:52 am (08:52 GMT).

Eclipses happen because sometimes the full moon, which occurs when the Moon is exactly on the opposite side of the Earth from the Sun, enters the Earth’s shadow. In most cases, this does not happen because the Moon’s orbit is slightly tilted to the plane of the Earth’s orbit, so the Moon “skips” the shadow. Lunar eclipses often accompany solar eclipses, and this is no exception – there was a partial solar eclipse in October, on a new moon.

Related: Beaver Blood Moon 2022 Lunar Eclipse: Everything You Need to Know

An illustration of the November 8 night sky depicting the Full Moon of the Beavers. (Image credit: Chris Vaughan)

Total lunar eclipse of the Beaver Moon

For skywatchers on the east coast of the United States and Canada, the penumbral phase of the eclipse begins at 3:02 am EDT (07:02 GMT) on November 8, 2022. Penumbra is the lighter part of the Earth’s shadow; it is often difficult to see when it obscures the moon because it makes the moon appear slightly yellow or brownish, depending on the weather and color perception. At 4:09 AM EDT (0808 GMT), the shadow, the darker shadow of the Earth, will make contact with the Moon and the partial phase of the eclipse will begin; this is the point where you can see how the Earth’s shadow “bites” the Moon.

At 5:16 AM EST (0916 GMT), the Moon will be completely in Earth’s shadow, and observers will see the “blood moon” effect. This is because the Earth’s atmosphere refracts sunlight like a lens and also scatters blue waves more than red ones. This is the same mechanism that makes sunsets on Earth red, and sometimes makes the sun flatter as it approaches the horizon. If an astronaut were to stand on the Moon, he would see the Earth eclipsing the Sun and being surrounded by a ring of red light.

During a total lunar eclipse, the Moon appears to turn red as it passes through the Earth’s shadow. (Image credit: NASA)

The moon will be closest to the center of the shadow at about 5:59 AM EST (0959 GMT) and touch the edge of the shadow at 6:41 AM (1041 GMT) as it sets, so observers sky from the East Coast will not see the last part of the eclipse. However, as you move west, the eclipse begins earlier – in Chicago and other cities in the central time zone, it begins at 2:02, and the partial phase begins at 3:09. The moon will begin to emerge from the shadows at 5:41. am By moonset (which is in Chicago at 6:40) the moon is almost out of the shadow.

To see the entire shadow phase of the eclipse, you need to be a little west and south. In Texas, for example, the eclipse also starts at 2:02 AM and the partial phase ends at 6:49 AM. Since the city is further south (although it is still in the central time zone), the moon sets a little later than in Chicago at 6:59 am local time, so observers will see it before the moon disappears below the horizon.

Observers in Phoenix will be able to see the entire eclipse, which will begin at 1:02 a.m. and end at 6:56 a.m. — just a few minutes before moonset at 7:04 a.m. Further west, the entire eclipse will be visible (and an hour earlier in the Pacific time zone).

In the Pacific Ocean, the eclipse will begin before midnight on November 7th. For example, Hawaiians will see it begin at 10:02 pm local time on November 7 and end at 3:56 am. horizon – at the maximum eclipse, which will occur at 00:59 on November 8, the Moon will be at an altitude of 78 degrees in the south.

Beaver full moon and visible planets

As the penumbral eclipse begins in New York, the only planet still above the horizon will be Mars, which will be east of the Moon (left) and form a rough triangle with Betelgeuse in Orion and Aldebaran in Taurus. Betelgeuse and Aldebaran, like Mars, are reddish, and Betelgeuse more so, so the (temporary) configuration will be quite distinct.

For those with a small telescope or binoculars, the Moon will also outshine Uranus as it eclipses, but this phenomenon is only visible from northern North America and northeast Asia. For example, from Tokyo, Uranus will pass behind the Moon at 20:40 local time and reappear from behind it at 21:25, according to In-the-sky.org. (will open in a new tab). The eclipse will begin just before the end of the total phase of the lunar eclipse at 20:41 local time, so people in Japan will see the planet disappear behind the blood moon and emerge from the partially eclipsed one. In Anchorage, Alaska, the eclipse will begin at 3:39 am local time, about 10 minutes before the end of the partial phase of the lunar eclipse. Uranus emerges from behind the Moon at 5:14 am local time.

The moon rises again on November 8 at 4:52 pm, and at the same time in New York, the sun sets at 4:44 pm. About an hour later, when the sky is completely dark, you can see Saturn and Jupiter in the south. , with Jupiter to the southeast. Saturn sets at 11:09 pm local time and Jupiter sets at 2:34 am on November 9th. two giant planets and slightly below them. Fomalhaut is relatively close to Earth at 25 light-years and was the first star to have an exoplanet found around it in the visible wavelength range.

Beaver Moon and other names for the November moon

While Americans (especially in the US and Canada) refer to the November full moon as the Beaver Moon, other cultures see it differently. The Ojibwe people call it Mshkavji Ghizis, or “Ice Moon”. Similarly, the Cree people called it “Kaskatinovipisim” or “Freeze the Moon”. The traditional territories of the Cree and Ojibwe peoples are in the Great Lakes region, where freezing temperatures traditionally begin in October and November, especially at night.

In the Pacific Northwest, the Tlingit called the 11th full moon Chaaav Kungai, which means “bears hibernate,” according to the Tlingit Study Resource on the Moon and Tides. (will open in a new tab)published by the University of Alaska Fairbanks.

The traditional Chinese calendar is lunisolar, based on both lunar and solar cycles, and the November full moon falls on the 10th month instead of the 11th because the Chinese New Year is in February. The lunar month of November is called Yángyuè, or “Yang Month”, because it is during this period that Taoist “yang” or masculine power is stronger.

According to the Astronomical Heritage Center, the Khoi people of South Africa named the November full moon as the Milk Moon. (will open in a new tab)an organization that works to preserve local astronomical traditions.

If you’re hoping to photograph an eclipse, our guide on how to photograph a lunar eclipse, as well as how to photograph the Moon with a camera in general, can help you make the most of the event. If you need imaging gear, our best astrophotography cameras and best astrophotography lenses have recommendations to make sure you’re ready for the next eclipse.

Editor’s Note: If you take a great picture of the Beaver Moon lunar eclipse or any other view of the night sky that you’d like to share with Space.com and our news partners for a story or image gallery, please send your images and comments to spacephotos@.

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