Science

Space: artificial intelligence to grow vegetables during lunar missions – LeBigData.fr

Within five years, astronauts will be able to grow vegetables in space thanks to artificial intelligence developed by Australian scientists.

As NASA projects human exploration of the Moon by 2024, the ability to grow edible plants will be vital for the next stages of space exploration.

Anticipating this new era in space, scientists at the University of South Queensland (USQ) are developing artificial intelligence that astronauts can use to grow your own fresh food.

A new artificial intelligence to detect stress in plants

Specifically, the goal of Australian scientists is to develop an artificial intelligence system capable of detecting early stress plants grown aboard space flights.

“We take technologies that we have developed ourselves in large-scale farming systems, using the artificial vision to observe the culture, determine how it behaves in space and provide this feedback to an astronaut to simplify its handling, ”explained USQ Professor Craig Baillie.

NASA plans to install a station on the moon during the current decade. Station that will serve as a base of operations for astronauts who will travel to other planets.

Growing vegetables successfully in space

Vegetable cultivation is considered the Better option to feed astronauts traveling through space, as other technologies, such as 3D printing of food, are not yet viable.

Cheryl McCarthy, an engineer at USQ, stressed that developing an artificial intelligence program was essential for proper nutrition during spaceflight.

“We have seen images of plants in space before NASA has compiled them,” noted Dr. McCarthy. “They still look like plants, but they keep huddling and dying ».

Therefore, the artificial intelligence developed by Australians should make it possible to detect the stresses suffered by plants from the beginning. And therefore, since modify in due time its environment. What should help them? Keep alive even in dangerous space conditions.

An AI robot operational in five years

“We hope our robot will go to the moon in the next five years, but that will depend on the NASA calendar and the availability of the launch ships ”, the Australian team also notified.

“The first step is to have a screen that tells you that something is wrong (with the plants, editor’s note) and that you can correct it. Later there will be full automation where artificial intelligence will take care of the problem for you. “

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