The best Linux distributions for professionals

If you are reading this on an Android phone or Chromebook, congratulations! You use Linux and you may not even know it. At the same time, there are also Linux distributions that require some experience to get the most out of them.

Why would you want to get into this mess? Because you are a programmer, engineer or system administrator who wants to get the most out of Linux. Or you are a power user and you want to take your computer as far as possible. If this is your case, these distributions are for you.

Fedora, the programmer’s choice

Fedora is a free and open source operating system based on a Linux kernel. You can install it on any PC instead of Windows or dual-boot to have both systems.

  • Downloads: 18
  • Release date : 11/02/2021
  • Author: Fedora project
  • License: Free software
  • Categories:
    Exploitation system
  • Operating system: Linux

Did you know that Fedora, the Red Hat community’s Linux distribution, would be number one on my list. In fact, it is the main distribution that pushes the limits of Linux. Works with the latest Linux kernel and the latest free software. In particular, Fedora is the Linux of choice for programmers. A figure as important as Linus Torvalds uses Fedora for his development work. Need we say more?

Fedora is easy to install and configure. You don’t need to be a Linux expert to use it. For programmers, Fedora also has a great developer portal. Includes guides dedicated to developing web, mobile, desktop, and command-line applications.

The Fedora Developer Portal also includes a great guide for developing hardware devices like Arduino and Raspberry Pi. Finally, it comes with development tools like Eclipse Integrated Development Environment (IDE) for Java, C / C ++ and PHP and Vagrant, a tool for creating portable and reproducible development environments based on containers or virtual machines (VMs).

Unless you are working on programs from the Debian / Ubuntu family, Fedora should be your first choice for a development operating system. For developers in this group, I recommend the latest version of Ubuntu.

Arch Linux / Manjaro Linux, for absolute control of your desktop

Want to set up a Linux desktop to work and look exactly the way you want? If this is your case, Arch Linux deserves your attention. With Arch, everything is under your control. This is good news and bad. Although Arch’s motto is “Keep it simple”, simplicity is in the eyes of the user. For someone whose first “desktop” was the Bourne shell, it’s not that difficult. But, for those of you who didn’t grow up with a command line, that’s another matter.

Arch, in fact, only ships with a command shell. It is up to you to decide which desktop environment you use and how you customize it. With sweat and work, you can tailor it to your exact requirements and needs. Is not easy. Even with the help of your excellent ArchWiki documentation site, you will have a lot of work to do … But when you are done, you will have your own unique desktop.

If that seems like too much work, you can use Manjaro Linux. This cast takes care of much of the blood, sweat, and tears from the setup and operation of the Arch. It comes in three main desktop editions: GNOME, KDE Plasma, and XFCE.

At the same time, if you want to change your Linux kernel, Manjaro is one of the few distributions that makes it easy to change operating systems. Supports multiple cores simultaneously. All you need to do is reboot your system, make your choice from the start menu, and you’ll be back on your desktop with a new kernel underneath. Is this something that most people will want to do? No. But if you really want to test the Linux kernel, then Manjaro is for you.

Gentoo Linux, explore the guts of Linux

A Linux metadistribution

  • Downloads: 1
  • Release date : 11/03/2016
  • Author: Gentoo Foundation, Inc.
  • License: Free software
  • Categories:
  • Operating system: Windows

Do you really want to dive into the twists and turns of Linux? If so, the source code-based Gentoo distribution is right for you. For starters, there is no installer for Gentoo. As its developers say, “You are the installer.”

This means that “you can apply any customization you want”, once you have mastered the Gentoo manual. Unless you are an experienced Gentoo user, I recommend that you save a copy of the Manual on another computer. You will need all the help you can get to get Gentoo up and running.

Once you’ve done that, you’ll also need to learn the ins and outs of the Portage packaging system. Unlike almost all other Linux distributions, which use binary software packaging systems such as Red Hat’s RPM and Debian’s APT, Portage is based on source code. So, for example, if you want to install a program in Portage, compile the source code of the application on your machine. You can also “edit” the font using USE flag customizations.

Easy to do ? Not at all ! But if you want complete control over what’s on your desktop, Gentoo is for you. Want a lot of power without having to work so hard? So just like Arch and Manjaro, you can use Sabayon Linux with Gentoo. The goal of the developers of this distribution is to provide the best possible user experience by providing the latest open source technologies in an elegant format. At Sabayon, everything must work. We offer a state-of-the-art operating system that is stable and reliable. “

In fact, Sabayon makes most of the Gentoo configuration decisions for you. You maintain a lot of control, but you don’t have to turn all the knobs and flip all the switches for the system to work. In the future, Sabayon will change its name to become MocaccinoOS. The main difference from Gentoo is that it uses the new container-based packaging system, Luet. This system is still in beta and I can only recommend this version to developers and advanced users.

Kali Linux, the Linux for security professionals… And hackers!

Now let’s move on to something different. Kali Linux is a Linux distribution designed for penetration or hacking testing. Thanks to the Mr. Robot series, Kali Linux is the best known of the pirated distributions. Kali Linux is the brainchild of developers at security company Offensive Security. It is built on Debian. Historically, it dates back to the BackTrack distribution, a Knoppix-based digital forensics and penetration testing distribution.

While installing and configuring Kali is as easy as any Debian distribution, the default software packages take a different course. For example, instead of LibreOffice for your default office suite or Thunderbird for your email client, neither is provided by default. Instead, it comes with security programs like OWASP ZAP, to beat websites looking for security concerns; SQLMAP, which automates the detection and exploitation of vulnerabilities through SQL injection; and THC Hydra, a popular password cracker.

However, Kali Linux cannot turn you into a hacker or security expert. For that, you really need to know about computers, encryption, and security. It just gives you the tools and needs of the experts to get started. If you just want to pretend you are a hacker, start with Hacker Typer. Enjoy it!

SystemRescue, to bring PCs back to life

The other side of the coin of breaking into systems, or checking the possibility of entry, is to repair the already damaged systems. The best of these Linux repair distributions is SystemRescue. This operating system, also known as SystemRescueCD, which gives you an idea of ​​its age, is designed to repair damaged computers.

This distribution is useful to help Windows PC users when they encounter Windows installation problems and damaged hard drives. It is not designed as a permanent operating system. Instead, you start it from a USB stick, DVD drive, or even a CD drive. Once launched, you can use it to explore a half-dead computer and try to bring it back to life.

SystemRescue is not easy to use. Like Kali, it gives you the tools you need to get the job done. In this case, it comes bundled with programs like GNU Parted, to manipulate disk partitions and file systems; ddrescue, which is a data recovery tool that works by copying block-level data from damaged storage devices; and rsync, a program for cloning data from a failed drive over your local network to another stable computer.

Neither of these tools is easy to use. I cannot recommend highly enough that you read the SystemRescue manual before attempting to rescue a failed system. With that said, once you know what to do, you can expect to hear from your friends and family whenever your Windows PC seriously crashes.

Source: .com

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